Industrial and organizational psychology, also known as I/O, is a blossoming field that offers substantial benefits to non-profits, businesses and government agencies alike. While many practical disciplines within the field of applied psychology revolve around therapy and patient care, psychologists specializing in organizational issues enjoy unique and rewarding career opportunities. The study of organizational psychology encompasses many different issues, ranging from broad management strategies and company policies to the physical design and specific layout of a workspace.
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Establishing Company Culture
The culture of a company or charity is a complex fabric woven from hundreds of different interactions, behaviors and policies in the workplace. Executives and senior staff are usually responsible for exhibiting the qualities and behavior patterns expected of the general staff. Official policies and processes, like disciplinary measures and promotions, should be outlined in detail and understood by all workers. Internal culture inevitably impacts the overall brand image of a non-profit, which shapes the way donors, customers and volunteers feel about the organization. I/O professionals understand the significance of culture and can help management create an environment that encourages productivity, loyalty, and teamwork.
Streamlining Workspaces and Procedures
One of the core areas covered in organizational psychology is how employees interact with their environment and how these interactions impact the employer, according to the American Psychological Association. This includes everything from access to equipment within the workplace to ambient lighting levels in office areas. I/Os take dozens of different factors into account and carefully observe their work environment from different perspectives. This process allows them to find opportunities to improve efficiency by cutting unnecessary costs and improving productivity.
Improving the Employee Experience
Personnel is a key resource for any organization, whether it’s a sprawling commercial enterprise or a local charity. One of the key duties of most organizational psychologists is developing interview, training and management processes to improve conditions for employees and increase their value to the organization. Psychologists often devote time to conducting interviews with people at all levels of the structure to learn more about their experiences. I/Os also use their skills in psychology to better understand the goals and abilities of each employee to find roles that maximize their potential.
Management and Procedural Solutions
Many organizations also rely on I/O experts to help them with research, critical thinking and creative problem solving when confronting specific issues. For example, senior staff may ask psychologists to figure out why they have difficulties retaining experienced or productive employees. They may also turn to them for insight and advice when addressing internal performance issues, like poor customer service or frequent employee misconduct. Psychologists can also play a pivotal role in shaping official policies, rules, and guidelines to ensure they are accepted and adopted by staff members.
Charitable organizations usually rely on donations or sponsorship as a fundamental part of their funding strategy. Since donors are often selective about their contributions, displaying responsible and effective management technique is particularly important. Organizational psychologists can provide invaluable service to non-profits, provided leadership, and staff members are willing to adapt, learn and grow.